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Danielle Barnard Reflects on William Johnsson’s Book “Where Are We Headed? Adventism After San Antonio”


Editorial Note: The following paper was presented at the 2017 Adventist Society for Religious Studies (ASRS) during the Sabbath morning Panel Discussion on the topic of William G. Johnsson’s book Where Are We Headed? Adventism After San Antonio. Read more about the six young scholars who presented and the publishing schedule for the papers here.

Dietrich Bonhoeffer penned these words to Eberhard Bethge on May 21, 1944:

Our church, which has been fighting in these years only for its self-preservation, as though that were an end in itself, is incapable of taking the word of reconciliation and redemption to mankind and the world. Our earlier words are therefore bound to lose their force and cease, and our being Christians today will be limited to two things: prayer and righteous action among people.

Seventy-three years later, the words rang through my mind as I carefully read Dr. Johnsson’s short but thoughtful work, Where are We Headed? Adventism After San Antonio. In light of Bonhoeffer’s statement, I observed Dr. Johnsson reflecting on several points of our Seventh-day Adventist drive for self-preservation in the first eight chapters. For each chapter, I would retitle as follows:

Chapter 1: The Preservation of Prestige: dealing with women’s ordination

Chapter 2: The Preservation of Peculiarity: dealing with the Seventh-day Adventist tendency toward drastic exclusivity

Chapter 3: The Preservation of the Promise: concerning our constant, yet misguided preoccupation with “when” Christ will return

Chapter 4: The Preservation of Proclamation: where Johnsson examines the message we are called as a people to proclaim

Chapter 5: The Preservation of Power: about the structural and organizational problems we have and the need for major revisions within the organization

Chapter 6: The Preservation of Process: the Seventh-day Adventist battle with evolutionists to uphold a “young earth” and literal six-day Creation

Chapter 7: Preservation of Purpose: a look at the nature of the “mission” we attempt to uphold

Chapter 8: Preservation of the Prophet: examining our church’s often abusive and misguided use of Ellen White in our hermeneutical practice

As my personal re-titles have noted, Johnsson is well aware of the struggles our church has had over the past several decades to preserve Seventh-day Adventism — meaning Seventh-day Adventism not as the movement we love, but as an institution. Millennials such as myself would agree with Bonhoeffer that our attempts as a denomination to save ourselves from whatever “threats” of destruction we believe are there have made the Church, especially in North America, ineffective and “incapable of taking the word of reconciliation and redemption to mankind and the world.”

How are we as a Church able to truly address the issues of members at the local church level if we are constantly on edge? Constantly looking over our shoulder at evolutionists, rebellious unions, and other threats to unity! We miss the fact that young African Americans (those who are not of Caribbean heritage, like myself) in our denomination have been leaving the church consistently. These young people are struggling to see the value of being part of a denomination that could care less about them and finding solace in traditionally black denominations with a preached and lived gospel compatible with the God of justice they read in Scripture. We miss the opportunities we have as a church to partake in true revitalization and development of our neighborhoods through intentional community development and partnership with local development corporations. We miss ways to minister prophetically and passionately, living out the now of the kingdom while patiently yet eagerly waiting for the not yet. We miss so much when we believe our Church to be so fragile that “unity in diversity” is seen as ending the Church as we know it.

I believe Dr. Johnsson sees this too, and I appreciate the way in which he communicates all of the above. Dr. Johnsson concludes in the last two chapters with a call to be the movement God has called us to be. Dr. Johnsson calls us to move beyond our preoccupation with self-preservation and return to prayer, righteous action, and effectual kingdom-living and ministry.


Danielle M. Barnard is currently enrolled in the MDiv program at the Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary on the campus of Andrews University.

Image Credit: ASRS / Oak & Acorn Publishing

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