Babylon must not be reduced to a simple code or steno-symbol for Rome since John uses the name "Babylon" to evoke a whole range of scriptural meaning.
The notion of judicial review, or "investigative judgment," as it is called in Adventist theology, misses the Johannine tenor of krisis, and it falls short of the momentum in Revelation’s story...
Psalm 96 is the most likely background text for the first angel’s message of resounding affirmation in the book of Revelation.
The messages of the three angels in Revelation 14 are not proclaimed in a vacuum. Crucially, the first angel’s mission must be understood within the pattern of action and reaction.