I do not know how and when Bali got the name "Island of Gods" but there could not be a better one. The island, of about four million people, is almost totally Hindu, in a country that has the largest Muslim population in the world. I visited there a few weeks ago and was entranced by the things that I saw.
This huge god is one of the two that guard the main entrance of the Bali Nusa Dua Convention Center.
Many from Bali identify first as Balinese before being Indonesian. There is a lot to Balinese culture: food, clothing, religion, art.