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The concept of intelligence has been around for a long time. It has always been controversial with a recognition, for many years now, that the standard measurement of one's intelligence quotient (IQ) is inadequate. Since Howard Gardner's work around the idea of multiple intelligences, the whole field of intelligence has continually shifted and been debated.
To maintain the distinction between the sin and the sinner must be one of the most difficult teachings of Christianity. Our identities are so intimately related to what we do that to try and separate what we do from who we are just doesn't feel right. And when we are trying to relate to others, it can be even more difficult. This difficulty is at the heart of Stephen Daldry's movie The Reader.
Doubt and certainty. These two have been at war with each other as long as humans have been discussing religion and faith. Many Christians see doubt as the enemy of belief and faith and do everything they can to eradicate it. Someone once wrote that "doubt digs the grave of faith."
Frederick William Faber wrote:
"For right is right, since God is God,/ And right the day must win;/ To doubt would be disloyalty,/ To falter would be sin."
One of the most significant developments within Christianity in recent years is that of the "Emergent Church." It is a controversial movement (some say it is not really a movement) that has spawned literature on both sides of the swelling debate. Roger Oakland has added to this literature with his anti-emergent book Faith Undone: the emerging church...a new reformation or an end-time deception.