Paul of Tarsus was not only a malleable instrument in the hands of God, but was most admirable because of the richness of his personality. On the one hand, he was a well educated member of both the Hebrew and the Hellenistic cultures. He was able to build cogent arguments and to analyze what others argue with critical acumen (2 Cor. 3: 4 – 18); Gal. 3: 15; 4: 21 – 31; Rom. 5: 10, 15, 17). He trusted the intelligence of his audience and their capacity to evaluate what he said or wrote.
El evangelio Según Juan está lleno de sorpresas. Tal vez sería mejor decir que traza un curso muy particular y tanto sus novedades como su lenguaje hacen que el lector sienta el deseo de estudiarlo más de cerca. Leerlo es descubrir que pareciera haber algo por debajo que debe ser sacado a la superficie. Interpretar sus peculiaridades no es fácil y por consiguiente existen marcadas diferencias entre las interpretaciones del mismo.
The gospel According to John is full of surprises. It might be better to say that it charts a course of its own, and both its novelties and language cause readers to take a second look. Reading this gospel is to sense there is something under the surface that needs to be uncovered. To interpret its peculiarities is not easy and, as a result its various interpretations are quite different.
The gospel According to John states that Jesus is the Logos incarnate, the Son who came from God and returned to God. His mission on earth was to give eternal life to those who believe in Him. The crucifixion, the lifting up or the glorification of the Son, is the object of faith that separates those who have eternal life from those who do not.
The four cherubim with their wheels seen by Ezekiel with God’s glory (Ez. 1: 10; 10: 14) were also seen by John the Theologian next to the throne of God (Rev. 4: 6-7). Their faces were that of a lion, an ox, a man and an eagle. Not long afterwards Christians adopted these four creatures to represent the four gospels. According to John was given the eagle as its icon.
Es imposible leer el evangelio Según Juan sin tomar en cuenta su dependencia del Antiguo Testamento, de la Torah. De la misma manera en que se presupone que el lector está al tanto de todo su contenido desde el mismo principio, también se presupone que el lector conoce las historias de los patriarcas y los libros de los profetas.
It is impossible to read According to John and not become aware of its dependence on the Old Testament, on the Torah. In the same way in which it is taken for granted that the reader knows its content before beginning to read, it is also assumed that the reader knows well the stories of the patriarchs and the books of the prophets and the Psalms.